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 Post subject: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 6:28 am 
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Hello to all Hungarians or Hungarian speaking friends!
I appears that the Hungarian wikipedia has a very interesting article about the history of the cube.
I would be very grateful to have a correct translation, as in other languages I understand this chapter is missing.
Thank you

http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubik-kocka

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Last edited by Georges on Thu Sep 03, 2009 7:09 am, edited 1 time in total.

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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 8:06 am 
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I'm hungarian but I don't speak a word of it :P
So I used Google Translate:

http://tinyurl.com/lcnjk4


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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:04 am 
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Thank you Benzini.
I wasn't aware that Google could translate from Hungarian.
The translation is far from satisfying, though.
Just gives me a first idea, but that isn't enough for me.
So my call still stands.

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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:27 am 
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Well then, I guess I'm at the end of my rope :P


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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 1:10 pm 
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Ok, I must ask Olivér who wrote the original chronology.
Just found it out on his webpage.

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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Wed Aug 19, 2009 4:29 pm 
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Well, I hoped I helped a little :)


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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Thu Aug 20, 2009 3:53 am 
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Georges,
again a collegue could help me with the translation.
Here comes the first part of the history, the rest will follow later.

HISTORY
In the beginning Ernö Rubik wanted to create a 2x2x2 cube.
The first problem he encountered was that he did not know how to construct the cube so that it could rotate around three axes.
Rubik first tried rubber bands to fix the cubelets to each other, but that was not successful because after a while the rubber bands snapped. Then he tried magnets but in this way the cube felt easily apart.
So he solved the problem by carving the cube elements in such a way that their shape held them together.
Later he distinguished the faces with different colors in order to see better how they move with respect to each other.
Ernö Rubik -in his own words- only after the final form and construction recognized that the cube can not only be used to illustrate the three-dimensional movements (for which he made it) but is also a good game and thus could be sold.
For the coloring of the cube Ernö Rubik considered different approaches. The standard coloring of the cube is such that two opposite (parallel) faces are different in the presence/absence of the yellow component. So therefore yellow will be the opposite of white, orange of red and blue of green.
Its success is mainly due to the fact that it is 3-dimensional and whichever way it moves, the game remains in one piece.


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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Thu Aug 20, 2009 4:07 am 
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Luc wrote:
Georges,
again a collegue could help me with the translation.
Here comes the first part of the history, the rest will follow later.


Tu es un vrai pote, Luc! Merci.
You are a real buddy, Luc! Thank you.

The original chronology is here: http://www.rubikkocka.hu/pages/kronologia.htm

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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Mon Aug 24, 2009 5:33 am 
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As promised the rest of the translation. See also http://www.rubikkocka.hu/angol/pages/tortenelemeng.htm

1873 Sam Lloyd's 15-piece puzzle (this is believed to be the basis for the Rubik's Cube). Probably because it is most comparable to the cube, however, only 2-dimentional!)
Spring 1974 The first 2x2x2 model (not yet operational)
30 January 1975 The cube is submitted for patent
3 March 1975 Erno Rubik gives the cube to Politechnika (later Politoys Industrial Co.) for domestic utilisation
March-Dec. 1975 Politechnika does not do anything with the cube
1 Dec. 1975 Erno Rubik sets a 15-day deadline to Politechnika: if no move is made towards the manufacturing of the cube till then, he withdraws the cube from them
Winter 1975 The National Institue of Education rejected the cube as a teaching tool
1977 12 thousand cubes are manufactured for the domestic market
BNV (Budapest International Fair) 1977 Interplayexpo, demonstration of the snake-toy
BNV 1978 The Ministry of Culture awarded the prize 'Nivo' to the cube
1978 Nuremberg Toy Fair KONSTUMEX (at the time the only company licensed to foreign trade) presents the cube but no one shows any interest (it is gathering dust on one of the shelves containing the descriptions of more than 100 games)
Dec. 1978 Dr Tibor Lacza gets his first Magic Cube
1975-1978 Failure of TRIAL to execute the sale of 5 thousand cubes on the national market (the only domestic company licensed for internal trade)
1978 2100 cubes have been exported so far
January 1979 Dr Tibor Lacza takes 12 Magic Cubes with him to Austria to show friends this great game
Spring 1979 The first 2x2x2 model
Dr Lacza asks the permission of KONSUMEX to to take the cube to the Nuremberg Toy Fair, he gets the permission from the company saying, it is all the same for them
Nuremberg Toy Fair 1979 Dr Tibor Lacza presented the cube to Tom Kramer ( the then director of Severn Towns)
17 June 1979 The first article appears about the cube in the Observer magazine with the title: "Six-sided magic. This article contains, among others, all the possible variations of the cube
17 September 1979 Contract between Ideal Toys and KONSTUMEX Export-Import companies on the Rubik Cube (then Magic Cube) including the following:
- Ideal Toys will be the sole distributor of the cube in USA, England, Germany, France, Canada, Australia and Japan.
- Order of a minimum of 500 thousand cubes, plus an optional order by September 1980.
- Undertakes to continuously purchase the cube. If Hungary is not able to produce enough cubes, it is allowed to purchase from anyone else against the payment of royalties.
- provides legal security for the cube wherever it is possible (here appears first Rubik's name used as a trademark by Mr Sims) and no matter in which country it registers the cube, it remains in its possession (!!!)
Till the end of 1979 In Hungary, the sale of 300 thousand Magic cubes - in total 68,694 pieces of cubes sold in export (so far)
10 January 1980 Erno Rubik signs a contract with Ideal Toy Co. on the use of his name. A symbolic 1 USD then allows the company selling the cube under his name. Since this time we talk about the Rubik Cube!
Beginning of April 1980 Politoys then promised the production and marketing plans of the 2x2x2 cube to Ideal Co. for the first time
Mid-April 1980 Order of 2 million cubes with the deadline of 30 June is placed.(the production of such volume was impossible for Hungary, let alone Politoys!)
13 May 1980 Politoys (Mr Ferenc Manczur) proceed for loan to the Hungarian National Bank
May 1980 Politoys (Mr Ferenc Manczur) prohibits the publishing of the book entitled "Magic Cube", saying that that making public the solution for the game harms the sales.
15 Augustus 1980 Politoys (Mr Ferenc Manczur) prohibits Erno Rubik's travel to Japan, referring to the contract: the travel represents a threat to domestic sales (that is a good question: would they order too many cubes or what??)
September 1980 The 2x2x2x cube is submitted for patent (by this time fake cubes are already being manufacture in Taiwan)
October 1980 The cube is already being sold in 16 countries
November 1980 This was the time Politoys has promised the production of the first series of the snake-toy
30 December 1980 The Hungarian National Bank provides the loan, however, it is demanded to be utilised till 10 o'clock, 31 December 1980, (Politoys has less then 1 day to spend the money!)
1980 TRIAL in that year sold 1 million cubes and ordered the same amount for 1981. (in this period it was am miracle to sell a product in a volume of 50 thousand)
ARXON sold a total of 4 million Rubik Cubes in the German Federal Republic, game of the year in several countries,
Tom Kramer warns that a growing number of fake cubes have appeared and will appear and that something should be done to prevent this!
February 1981 Politoys produces a total of 4 million cubes that year
Politoys makes promises for the second time to start the production of the snake-toy
Beginning of 1981 Politoys (Mr Ferenc Manczur) tries illegally register propery rights on cube, and the name of Rubik in several countries! (previously they did not have resources for this and now they pay the multiple of the amount for nothing)
April 1981 Polytoy request a second loan from the Hungarian National Bank (MNB), this time Politoys wants to be on the safe: it request a loan of 204 million Forints!
30 June 1981 Politoys have promised to manufacture 50 thousand snake-toys by this time
1 July 1981 Politoys accuses Erno Rubik with illegal foreign trade activities (because he goes abroad to promote the cube?)
Mid-1981 Politoy purchases 1.6 million cubes from the Far-East, and sells/export a large part of it as original cubes (therefore the situation between Ideal and Politoys, i.e. between Arxon and Politoys gets even worse)
15 Sept – 1 Oct 1981 The first 'capitalist' machines are set to work at Politoys
November 1981 The second bank loan arrives, by this time there are 2,5 million cubes on stock, books on the cube become the top best-sellers and they remain there for long
3-10 November 1981 The new contract with Ideal has failed (Politoys (Mr Ferenc Manczur) leaves the room in the last minute, changing his mind, after the promising negotiations)
1981 Politoys has planned the production of 500 thousand snake-toys for this year,
The first Rubik-snakes appear. Japanese fakes appear just after a few thousand originals are manufactured by Politoys. The game of the year in many countries, Erno Rubik is the 'man of the year'. Despite the immense demand, Politoys is only able to satisfy 25% of the European demand (this is favourable for the makers of fake products)
Tom Kramer warns: If Politoys continues its business policy pursued so far it will further spoil the contact with Ideal which will jeopardise the ongoing contract with them. (If the contract was terminated either by Ideal or by Politoys, Politoys could have been able to sell a few thousand product per year, and nothing elsewhere)
The manufacture of the following products is started this year:
FOK-GYEM Industrial Co: Babel Tower, 2-ring game (Hungarian Rings)
Dunaplast Plastic Industry: World-Championship Football-ball
VIDEOTON: a variety of the Babel Tower, Varikon
Politoys Industrial Co.: Snake-toy, Bognar Magic Balls, Domino, 2x2x2 cube
Politoys manufactures 7 million cubes this year
The salary of Politoys workers increases by 2-2,5 times (including skilled workers) however, this can be due to overtime-payment and other allowances. There are workers who work 50-60, what more, 90 hours extra per month (this means 2 weeks of overtime per month)
20 February 1982 The Hungarian state introduces a news blackout in connection with the cube and Politoys
Beginning of 1982 822 thousand cubes return from the export of 1 million cubes to the USA. (are these not the fake cubes purchased by Politoys from Far-East?)
2 June 1982 The first Rubik Cube World Championship in Budapest with the participation of 19 countries (1 person per country)
June 1982 Manczur Ferenc quit the cooperation, firs he is replaced temporarily by Mr Gyula Nemcsok, later by Mr Zoltan Tomori.
By this time 550 million unsold cubes are accumulated on stock.
Summer 1982 Politoys goes bankrupt
1982 Politoys planned the production of 6 million Snake-toys for this year. Erno Rubik, on the money earned from the cube, sets up 3 foundations with the aim of helping talented inventors and inventions.
Politoys planned the production of the further following games for this year:
Blind-cube, blind-domino, Bognar magic balls, Bognar-roads, Rubik board game
Summer 1983 Politoys still has unsold cubes on stock in the value of 23 million Forints (without continuing manufacture)
1983 Erno Rubik sets up the Rubik Studio,
He is awarded with a State Prize
1984 The book entitled "the Hungarian cube – or are we still so wealthy" appears by Andras Mezei
1985 Erno Rubik invent the Magic Squares this year, we know this under several names: Ring Magic or Rubik's Magic
1986 The manufacturing of the Magic Squares starts this year, Erno Rubik invents the 'big brother' of the Magic Squares: (Rubik's Master Magic) consisting of 5 rings and 12 elements
1987 Erno Rubik becomes honorary professor
1990 The Hungarian Academy of Architects chooses Erno Rubik as President, honorary President from 1996
1995 Erno Rubik is awarded with 'Gabor Denes' Prize for his life's work


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 Post subject: Re: Hungarian - translation needed
PostPosted: Mon Aug 24, 2009 6:24 am 
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Aaaaaaaaah!!! Thanks a lot Luc!!!!!

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Thu Sep 03, 2009 7:14 am 
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I scanned several interesting pages from the magazine Rubik's Logic and Fantasy in Space.
Enjoy reading!
______________________________________________________________________

BOSSÁNYI KATALIN

From five thousand to fifteen millions
(Politoys Budapest Hungary)

(published in “Rubik’s Logic and Fantasy in Space, Exclusive Issue 1982, p.5, 1/82, pp. 22-24, 41)

Nowadays already several millions of adults and children came under the influence of the cube with a magic effect, the invention of Erno RUBIK. As a matter of fact, the main role in the world career of the cube belongs to the genius inventor, however, the success was founded - certainly only in a modest way - by a small Hungarian industrial enterprise, the Politoys Cooperative. How the excellent toy changed into a product manufactured in large series? This is already not only the story of the world known invention, but also that of a small cooperative. In order to interpret the "why"-s and "how"-s, it is worth to go back into the past until 1969. In fact, it was in this year that the industrial cooperative previously baptized Politechnika was founded, at the beginning for the manufacturing of magnetic games. The reason was a procedure invented by a family that was at that time considered as new and concerned different magnetic chess, domino and other indoor game sets. At the end of the sixties it turned out that the artisan inventor family was already unable to satisfy the demands. The cooperative had to be organized; the artisans brought the working tools - simple moulding machines -, the product family, the experiences of manufacturing. The founding members were altogether 27, the mass production was possible due to the cooperative members working at home. At the beginning the small venture was well prospering: the first year they manufactured toys in a total value of 1.6 million forints, after three years this amount was multiplied tenfold. The oil crisis of 1973 made the basic materials of the magnetic games (polystyrol, polyethylene, etc.) in such a degree expensive that they became unmarketable, the products being ousted from the markets.
- Let us have a change! - This was the slogan given by the management of those days. But how should they act? In 1974 a central moulding, mounting and tool unit of the small co-operative was built up. They had capacities, but what should they manufacture? They looked for a complementary scale of products. Different plastic parts were made for the Ikarusz Body and Vehicle factory, they made also packing materials for several factories of pharmaceuticals. The co-operative displayed its activities successfully, - considering the figures from the present point of view-, nevertheless, these were in fact years of expectation. And then, in 1977, the big business "struck", it was the Rubik cube...

Of course, it is only now that we can fully assess the scope of this overwhelming success. A long path full of uncertainties had to be covered. Trial, the Hungarian marketing company, suggested to Erno Rubik to get the cooperative Politechnika to manufacture his puzzle. The executive of the cooperative took a look at the cube and said: the die is cast... They concentrated all available resources to ensure test progress. By Christmas 1977, they received an order from Hungarian wholesalers for a mere five thousand cubes ... Considering the high price of the development of die-casting devices, the risks involved at the start of the cube-business can be judged even now, after so many years. Nevertheless, after the initial difficulties, the toy became a big hit: cubes sold like hot cakes and new orders were received. With lightning speed, the cooperative put some 12,000 cubes on the market during the last days of that year. Thanks to the big success of the Cube, they had, in 1978, orders up to 45,000 pieces and, confident of further success, they doubled their production the same year. The foundations for a thriving business were thus laid, and both the inventor and the manufacturer sensed the additional great potentials...
Rubik's Cube was discovered for the world in 1979, at the Budapest International Fair. The contract for the first big business was signed: Ideal Toy put in an order for one million cubes to be delivered in 1980, but with a stipulation which shifted the major part of the risk upon the producer. The actual contract was for 500,000 cubes only, and an option was signed for the other 500,000. This meant that the American firm was bound to accept the second half of the order only if the first 500,000 had been delivered in time and, of course, in perfect quality by the Politechnika Co-operative or else, the producer would be saddled with the 500,000 cubes...
The race against time started. In this respect the undertaking of the small industrial cooperative was quite remarkable not only on a Hungarian, but also on an international scale. A few thousand cubes could be produced under the established technical conditions of the firm, in a backyard way, but one million cubes needed up-to-date industrial equipment. To set this up was no easy task. In 1980, automatic injection moulding machinery, modern tool machines, transport and packing equipment were purchased from the German Democratic Republic. In this way, Politechnika was able to meet the demands of the American customer not only in time and in first class quality, but already in 1980 it produced 2.74 million cubes for export through Konsumex to countries in Western Europe, and 1.1 million for domestic sale. Stepped-up work had no detrimental effect on quality. The elements of the cube were standardized and interchangeable, quality was uniform and packaging perfect.
In 1981, world success dawned upon the magic cube: it became the Toy of the Year in most countries of Western Europe, and in Great Britain 1982 brought the same success. There was an unbelievable boom in the demand for logical puzzles. Ideal Toys ordered six million cubes from the cooperative for 1981, and it became clear that even more could be sold provided the cooperative could keep pace with demand, that is, had sufficient capacity. Capacity was just enough for half of the orders. What should be done? Continue to grow, anticipating the probably increasing orders of future years, or trail after the events, losing markets to pirate producers? The gist of the problem was: how long would the boom last? Was it worth investing further large sums into this single product? No economist wishes to live for the present alone, ready to sacrifice his very existence for a short-term success. The cooperative - which in the meantime had changed its name to Politoys - decided to continue to take the risk of rapid growth, but only up to a reasonable limit. That is, it raised its capacity to the production of 10 to 15 million logical toys by 1982. Other Hungarian cooperatives and industrial divisions of agricultural plants contracted to assemble the cube, either as sub-contractors, or as cooperating partners. This loose association has ensured a flexible adjustment of the cube capacity to the actual market conditions. At the same time, Politoys started on another investment which will create the conditions for the organized production of new members of the family of logical toys.
The demand for the Rubik's Cube still shows an upward trend, but there can be no doubt that the time will come when demand will decline. It pays to provide Europe and the countries of the Middle East with the Hungarian product, but with respect to the Far East and to America, it will be more reasonable to licence production and ask for royalties on the basis of the patent. The tradename RUBIK will, however, stay the property of the Hungarian producers.
To the question "what next" after the cube, two answers can be given. For one, there are new Rubik-toys, among them, in the first place, the Magic Snake. The snake is already being produced in large series by Politoys and exported through Konsumex.
Politoys has also started the production of several variations of the cube: the twice-two cube, the octahedron, the magic dominoes; the cube combined with letters, figures and pictures. This is one way by which Politoys vigorously advances on the toy-market. The other way is based on its own ingenious development team and its connections with outside designers and inventors of toys, so that it is currently producing eighty different toys of which forty-six are entirely new. (The assortment constantly changes: outdated products are abandoned and replaced by new ones.) After extensive market research, Politoys is now offering toys of varying intricacy to various age groups: plastic building bricks, jigsaw puzzles, various parlour games, games of skill, space-builders and an enlarged assortment of magnetic toys. In addition, there are two new toy-families which play a decisive role in Politoys production: musical dolls (doll, teddy-bear, duck and clown) and table-golf, also table-handball. This is not all, Politoys has further surprises in store.



A second article without a given author:


Toy-BUSINESS KONSUMEX

The number of toys circulated on the international markets has practically doubled in the past five years. The relationship between demands and production has undergone great changes: the turnover of the playthings made out of textile has decreased, while, at the same time, that of a large number of classy makes, as well as electronic toys has shown a dynamically upward trend.
Hungarian trade in this field has also been marked by these changes; nevertheless, in the past two years, this country has had the chance to have a say in a well-defined category of toys: the family of logical playthings which, apart from representing the traditional functions of playing (entertainment, pastime, etc.), are also suitable for developing speculative and logical abilities; some of the toys may even be used as school devices. The delimitation of this family of toys and games could in fact come about only in consequence of the sweeping and paramount success of the Magic Cube. Consequently, it is thanks to this that our toy and game exports will in future be closely connected with the "intellectual" exports, too, as the making of these toys and games makes the realization of a great variety of ideas possible:
The last thirty years in the life of the Hungarian toy-industry have made its name well-known on the world market: it seems to have gained a relatively good reputation in about 20-25 countries as a good supplier of the traditional metal and wooden toys.
The year 1978 is for the Hungarian toy-industry that of the decisive change, the "great leap". It was then that the cube was rewarded at the autumn Budapest International Fair with a prize of distinction. The discovery opened up phantastic perspectives: the cube made headway, and we could not even foresee the scope its success might reach. In 1979, our foreign trade organs also came forward with the cube on the international toy market - thus, there too, it has started its tour of conquest. The world has since fallen under the power of cubetwisting; the magic cube has cast its spell not only on children, but on scientists as well. In the objective opinion of specialists of the toy industry, a success of similar scope can be expected in this profession only every fifty years, at best... No mistake, the success around the cube has induced a great interest for the Hungarian toy-industry. In 1980, Rubik's Cube also carried off the honorific title of "The Toy of the Year"; quite naturally, this has brought "good will" for the manufacturer of the toy and, indirectly, also for the entire Hungarian toy-industry.
Encouraged by the success of the cube, we are set on satisfying the interest shown by coming up with novelties. To this avail, the KONSUMEX Society conducted in 1981 a competition for logical toys: it offered prizes for play-loving inventors. and also for the creative communities. Not less than 5,000 works had been submitted to the competition; they are suitable for being considered as practicable ideas for individual and parlour games. Mr. Rubik was offered the position of chairman of the KONSUMEX Jury of award. At the competition appraised in summer 1981, the Jury awarded five prizes instead of the foreseen three, but it seems to be a good sign that, in addition to these, there are some thirty further ideas for future implementation. Among them we find parlour games to be played by two or more persons.
The experiences gained on the toy market show that if we develop the circle of certain products into so-called families, ensure their protection by trademarks, the name and trademark of the product may give us certain privileges and also ensure certain advantages of marketing, both to the owners of the idea, that is the inventors, and with them also the manufacturers.
It is out of these considerations that KONSUMEX has undertaken to widen the variety of toys and games marketed, in a large number of countries, under the patented name of VARIKON.

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Fri Sep 17, 2010 10:52 am 
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Luc wrote:
Mid-1981 Politoy purchases 1.6 million cubes from the Far-East, and sells/export a large part of it as original cubes (therefore the situation between Ideal and Politoys, i.e. between Arxon and Politoys gets even worse)


I'm interested in this event. Does this mean that Politoys imported Rubik's Cubes from Hong Kong and then put them in a plastic case and labelled them 'Made in Hungary' on the seal and the gold sticker on the base?

Is it possible that some of my beloved Ideal/Arxon cubes from 1980 are not actually from Hungary but possibly Hong Kong?

..... or I have completely misunderstood?

How does anyone else interpret this?

Tks.


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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Fri Sep 17, 2010 11:03 am 
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I know you are new, so I would like to ask that you review the rules again!

This bump is just over a year old :shock:

It would have been much better to start a new thread and referenced this post.

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Fri Sep 17, 2010 1:20 pm 
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My apologies.


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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sat Sep 18, 2010 10:43 pm 
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aleutien wrote:
Luc wrote:
Mid-1981 Politoy purchases 1.6 million cubes from the Far-East, and sells/export a large part of it as original cubes (therefore the situation between Ideal and Politoys, i.e. between Arxon and Politoys gets even worse)


I'm interested in this event. Does this mean that Politoys imported Rubik's Cubes from Hong Kong and then put them in a plastic case and labelled them 'Made in Hungary' on the seal and the gold sticker on the base?

Is it possible that some of my beloved Ideal/Arxon cubes from 1980 are not actually from Hungary but possibly Hong Kong?

..... or I have completely misunderstood?

How does anyone else interpret this?

Tks.


Some of this is supposition on my part but in the U.S. in 1981 there was a shortage of cubes (That year my stepdad brought home a cube which I understood at the time to be a knockoff), so I'm assuming that those cubes were purchased to satisfy that market (as well as others possibly). I think though as most U.S. cubes are labeled according to the country they were manufactured in (I currently have 2 ITC cubes one from Taiwan and one from Haiti and an Arxon cube from Hungary) There were no attempts at deception. They probably slapped a Rubik's Cube sticker on it and labeled it made in Hong Kong. FWIW as I understand it, those cubes from Hong Kong were made from discarded Politechnia molds.

Mike

PS: When is a thread considered too old to bump? I ask this with genuine curiosity, not trying to start trouble. :D


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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 3:11 am 
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prostx23 wrote:
PS: When is a thread considered too old to bump? I ask this with genuine curiosity, not trying to start trouble. :D


LOL I don't think it is a bump any more!

Luckily, it is not a long thread (that is, with more than one pages), so in the end it served
as a nice reminder of some interesting historical facts.
(it also gives me the chance to send my best latest regards to Cubemeister Georges -
I hope he is reading this!)

:)


Pantazis

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 10:28 am 
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kastellorizo wrote:
...LOL I don't think it is a bump any more!
...
Pantazis
That's an interesting question for the moderators: Is a reply to a bumped thread OK?
Anyway, I've read this translation for the first time (the original post had been before my time at TP) and I find some details a bit confusing:
Luc wrote:
....Spring 1974 The first 2x2x2 model (not yet operational)
30 January 1975 The cube is submitted for patent
...
If you are reading this without further knowledge, you'll get the impression that the first Rubik's Cube had been a 2x2x2. For all what I know, the first working (wooden) prototype Image and the first patent had been for a 3x3x3.
Larry Nichols has got the the first patent for a 2x2x2.
The Rubik 2x2x2 we currently know, has not been invented by Ernö Rubik.
Source
And if the most famous collector of all times, Georges Helmes (at least that is my recognition!), is motivated to have a look at the forum again, this bump has served a purpose :)

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 10:53 am 
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konsassen wrote:
kastellorizo wrote:
...LOL I don't think it is a bump any more!
...
Pantazis
That's an interesting question for the moderators: Is a reply to a bumped thread OK?
Anyway, I've read this translation for the first time (the original post had been before my time at TP) and I find some details a bit confusing:
Luc wrote:
....Spring 1974 The first 2x2x2 model (not yet operational)
30 January 1975 The cube is submitted for patent
...
If you are reading this without further knowledge, you'll get the impression that the first Rubik's Cube had been a 2x2x2. For all what I know, the first working (wooden) prototype Image and the first patent had been for a 3x3x3.
Larry Nichols has got the the first patent for a 2x2x2.
The Rubik 2x2x2 we currently know, has not been invented by Ernö Rubik.
Source
And if the most famous collector of all times, Georges Helmes (at least that is my recognition!), is motivated to have a look at the forum again, this bump has served a purpose :)


According to the link you posted it seems he did invent a 2x2 but it was never released, perhaps that is the 2x2 that the History article was referring to.

Mike

PS: A big hello to Georges from me as well. In response to a thread I started last year he sent me an 80's Arxon cube in exchange for a postcard. It's a great cube, I did have to lightly sand down the cubies because it looks like whomever owned the cube before Georges had pried it apart dozens of times with a knife leaving gouges on the inside of the cubies. After the sanding it works perfectly. :D :D :D


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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 11:02 am 
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1) Responding to a bump is considered a bump, so I'm not really helping.
2) Larry Nichols did make the first 2x2x2, using magnets. However, Rubik's were allowed to continue with their patent due to their mechanism.

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 11:18 am 
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prostx23 wrote:
...According to the link you posted it seems he did invent a 2x2 but it was never released, perhaps that is the 2x2 that the History article was referring to.

Mike...
That is my understanding as well. My point was: Stating that in 1974 there was a not working 2x2x2 and saying in the next sentence that the first patent has been in 1975 leads to the conclusion that the patent was for a 2x2x2. The whole translation never refers to the terms "Rubik's Cube" or "3x3x3x3", but to "2x2x2" and the unspecific noun "cube".
SEBUVER wrote:
...2) Larry Nichols did make the first 2x2x2, using magnets. However, Rubik's were allowed to continue with their patent due to their mechanism.
More details:
Quote:
In 1985 a U.S. District Court ruled that Rubik’s Cube infringed the Nichols patent, but in 1986 the Court of Appeals ruled that only the smaller 2 x 2 x 2 Rubik’s Pocket Cube was guilty of infringement, and not the extremely popular 3 x 3 x 3 Rubik's Cube.
Source
Interesting bump, isn't it? :)

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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 12:46 pm 
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Does this mean I'm off the hook? :D

Thank you for all the information.

Fascinating thread.


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 Post subject: Re: Rubik's Cube History
PostPosted: Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:09 pm 
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It is a a very interesting topic indeed.
Georges is always the best source for the history of the cube.

But reading this, automatically makes me to wonder what Mr Rubik and Mr Nichols think about the V-CUBE worldwide registered patent and the V-CUBE 2.

:?:


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